When night falls in Nelson, New Hampshire, it falls hard. It's dark, really dark. No businesses, no lights on
the town square. But once a week on Monday night, the joint is jumping: dozens of people gather in the Town Hall for a New
England contra dance. They are continuing a centuries-old tradition -- and they're having a whole lot of fun.
219-year-old Town Hall is nothing fancy. It's a big open room with wooden floors, wooden walls, wooden benches, wooden coat
pegs all around, and a small wooden stage. (If you need to "knock on wood," this is a good place to be.) The dance
floor measures about ten by twelve yards; comfortable for this crowd, but during the summer, you sometimes get people waiting
outside to take a turn. On this night, it's about 30 degrees outside -- but thanks to the dancers, it's warm enough that some
of the windows are open.
At first glance, New England contra dancing looks and sounds like square dancing. "The main difference is
the form of the dance," says Lisa Sieverts of Nelson. She's a business consultant by day, volunteer organizer of the
Nelson dance, and a pretty fair dance caller herself. "In a square dance you're in a square formation, four couples,
eight people. In contra dancing, you're in long lines. You dance with your neighbors, and then you move on. You end up dancing
with everyone in the hall."
It's a great way to make friends... and then some. "People have
met, started relationships, married, divorced, the whole gamut," says Sieverts. "They disappear for a while, then
maybe they come back or just one of 'em comes back."
Compared to singles bars, it's a low-key atmosphere.
"You can come and go, you can dance with anybody. It's not like a date, where you spend the whole evening with one person,"
says Deb Keller of East Alstead. She ought to know; she married a guy she met through contra dance. Indeed, she married into
one of the first families of the scene: her husband is musician Randy Miller, the brother of ace fiddler and violin maker
Rodney's not here tonight, but a couple other living legends are. Peterborough's Bob McQuillen takes his turn
on piano, as he does every Monday. The fiddler is Harvey Tolman of Nelson. Between them, they've been playing music for about
a hundred years.
Tolman is a master of Cape Breton fiddle, and is considered one of the best players in the
country. But you won't hear that from him -- or much of anything else, for that matter. He prefers to let his fiddle do the
McQuillen cut his musical teeth with the Ralph Page Orchestra. Page was the leading dance caller of his day,
and is widely considered the founding father of modern contra dancing. "I would go to a dance and bring the tunes home
in my head, and see if I could play them on the accordion," McQuillen recalls. After a while, he asked Page if he could
sit in with his squeezebox. "He said, 'Bring it next week.' So I sat in, and had the time of my life. At the end
of the evening, he said to me, 'Well, if you would like to be a part of this orchestra, you come next week. You're hired.'
That was in 1947. Since then, McQuillen has played at thousands of dances, composed more than 1200 dance tunes,
won a fellowship from the National Endowment for the Arts and a Governor's Arts Award, and represented New Hampshire at the
Smithsonian Folklife Festival.
Now in his
mid-eighties, McQuillen is probably the oldest person in the room tonight; the youngest are teenagers. The Nelson dance is
one of the only places where you see all ages participating and interacting as equals. "There's no age barrier,"
says 19-year-old Katie Weiss of Spofford. At the moment, she is dancing with 23-year-old Jeff Petrovitch, who adds "It's
a really great community. I look around, and I consider all these people my friends."
to think that the world would be a better place if there was more contra dancing. Maybe we can send McQuillen and Tolman to
the United Nations.
How long has there been dancing in Nelson? "Ralph Page said it went back 250 years, and he was dead serious,"
says Bob McQuillen. "That was 50 years ago when he said it."
Other estimates are a bit more conservative.
"There were documented dances here as early as 1804," according to Sieverts. "Probably earlier than that, but
there's no proof."
Contra dancing comes and goes: just when you think it's dying out, there comes a revival.
The Nelson dance has also come and gone. The current incarnation dates to the late 70s, when a caller named Peter Temple moved
to the area. At the time, there were monthly dances in different towns, but he wanted a weekly get-together. "I thought
we'd just do kind of an informal dance," he recalls. "I got a couple musicians in the area, and we started in January
of 1978." For a few years it was in Harrisville, before moving to the Nelson Town Hall.
idea of doing a short, low-key dance was new," he says. "None of the musicians or callers gets paid, people just
come in when they want to."
That informality is on display tonight. Each dance involves a fairly
intricate sequence of maneuvers. But if somebody messes up, it's laughed off, and the dancers get back on track -- sooner
or later, more or less. And people slip in and out in the middle of a dance, to take a breather on one of the benches along
There's a rotating crew of musicians and callers. The driving force behind tonight's dance is a bearded, ponytailed
man whose voice echoes off the walls, and who occasionally steps into the crowd to rescue dancers gone astray. He turns out
to be Don Primrose of Sullivan, who first attended a dance as a preteen in 1965. "I got thrown out of the first two dances
I went to" by none other than Ralph Page, he says. "I was raising hell, talking. Ralph used to take it pretty serious."
But Primrose kept coming back, and eventually took to the stage. "I started calling because there wasn't
a caller one night," he says. "I got up there and Bob [McQuillen] was talking to me, and I started calling dances.
"Seven or eight years ago, I made a deal with Bob. The dance was faltering then, and we said we'd be here
every Monday night until we died. The deal didn't seem very fair because Bob is 40-some-odd years older than me, but I'll
carry it through. I'll be halfway around the world, and I'll get back here for Monday night."
sometimes other nights. "A few years ago, Christmas fell on a Monday, and they'd never danced on a Christmas night,"
says Primrose. "Bob and I decided to do it regardless. After that, we decided to make Christmas an honorary Monday, so
we dance every Christmas night." In 2005 that meant a special dance on Sunday, and the usual gathering on Monday.
not enough dancing for you, there's always the "Iron Dancer." Lisa Sieverts explains:
happens twice a year, Memorial Day and Labor Day," in multiple locations. You can dance on Thursday in Cambridge,
Massachusetts; Friday and Saturday in a number of locations. On Sunday we have dawn dances in Brattleboro, Vermont, where
we dance from 8 at night until 7 Monday morning. Monday you come here to Nelson. If you do that, you get a certificate and
But if you're not that sold on contra dancing, Sieverts and company will welcome you anytime
to this ancient wooden floor in Nelson, New Hampshire. If you need some help, they're happy to oblige. If you screw up some
of the steps, nobody will mind. You'll get some good exercise, meet some good people, and who knows -- as with Deb Keller,
it might be the beginning of a beautiful friendship.